Definitions for Word Studies
archived 11-07-99
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donated by L. Savage

Definitions for Word Studies
Websters 1914 Dictionary


(Add"er) n. [See Add.] One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.


(Ad"der), n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. nŠdre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. na­r, masc., na­ra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder is for a nadder.]

1. A serpent. [Obs.] "The eddre seide to the woman." Wyclif. Gen. iii. 4.)

2. (Zo÷l.) (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc. (c) Same as Sea Adder.

In the sculptures the appellation is given to several venomous serpents, - sometimes to the horned viper

Adder fly

(Ad"der fly) A dragon fly.


(Ad"der's-tongue`) n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue. (b) The yellow dogtooth violet. Gray.


(Ad"der*wort`) n. (Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed


(||Am`phis*bŠ"na) n. [L., fr. Gr. on both ends + to go.]

1. A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way. Milton.

2. (Zo÷l.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way. See Illustration in Appendix.

The Gordius aquaticus, or hairworm, has been called an amphisbŠna; but it belongs among the worms.


(||Am`phis*bŠ"noid) a. [NL., fr. L. amphisbaena + -oid.] (Zo÷l.) Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus AmphisbŠna.


(||Dra*cŠ"na) n. [NL., fr. Gr. she-dragon.] (Bot.) A genus of liliaceous plants with woody stems and funnel-shaped flowers.

DracŠna Draco

, the source of the dragon's blood of the Canaries, forms a tree, sometimes of gigantic size.


(Dra"canth) n. A kind of gum; - - called also gum tragacanth, or tragacanth. See Tragacanth.


(Dra"cin) n. [Cf. F. dracine.] (Chem.) See Draconin.


(||Dra"co) n. [L. See Dragon.]

1. (Astron.) The Dragon, a northern constellation within which is the north pole of the ecliptic.

2. A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds.

3. (Zo÷l.) A genus of lizards. See Dragon, 6.


(Dra*co"ni*an) a. Pertaining to Draco, a famous lawgiver of Athens, 621 b. c.

Draconian code, or Draconian laws

, a code of laws made by Draco. Their measures were so severe that they were said to be written in letters of blood; hence, any laws of excessive rigor.


(Dra*con"ic) a. Relating to Draco, the Athenian lawgiver; or to the constellation Draco; or to dragon's blood.


(Dra*co"nin) n. [Cf. F. draconine. See Draco.] (Chem.) A red resin forming the essential basis of dragon's blood; - called also dracin.


(Dra*con"tic) a. [From L. draco dragon, in allusion to the terms dragon's head and dragon's tail.] (Astron.) Belonging to that space of time in which the moon performs one revolution, from ascending node to ascending node. See Dragon's head, under Dragon. [Obs.] "Dracontic month." Crabb.


(Dra*con"tine) a. [L. draco dragon.] Belonging to a dragon. Southey.


(||Dra*cun"cu*lus) n.; pl. Dracunculi [L., dim. of draco dragon.] (Zo÷l.) (a) A fish; the dragonet. (b) The Guinea worm (Filaria medinensis).


(Drag), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dragged ; p. pr. & vb. n. Dragging ] [OE. draggen; akin to Sw. dragga to search with a grapnel, fr. dragg grapnel, fr. draga to draw, the same word as E. draw. See Draw.]

1. To draw slowly or heavily onward; to pull along the ground by main force; to haul; to trail; - applied to drawing heavy or resisting bodies or those inapt for drawing, with labor, along the ground or other surface; as, to drag stone or timber; to drag a net in fishing.

Dragged by the cords which through his feet were thrust.


The grossness of his nature will have weight to drag thee down.


A needless Alexandrine ends the song That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along.


2. To break, as land, by drawing a drag or harrow over it; to harrow; to draw a drag along the bottom of, as a stream or other water; hence, to search, as by means of a drag.

Then while I dragged my brains for such a song.


3. To draw along, as something burdensome; hence, to pass in pain or with difficulty.

Have dragged a lingering life.


To drag an anchor (Naut.), to trail it along the bottom when the anchor will not hold the ship.

Syn. - See Draw.


(Drag), v. i.

1. To be drawn along, as a rope or dress, on the ground; to trail; to be moved onward along the ground, or along the bottom of the sea, as an anchor that does not hold.

2. To move onward heavily, laboriously, or slowly; to advance with weary effort; to go on lingeringly.

The day drags through, though storms keep out the sun.


Long, open panegyric drags at best.


3. To serve as a clog or hindrance; to hold back.

A propeller is said to drag when the sails urge the vessel faster than the revolutions of the screw can propel her.


4. To fish with a dragnet.


(Drag), n. [See Drag, v. t., and cf. Dray a cart, and 1st Dredge.]

1. The act of dragging; anything which is dragged.

2. A net, or an apparatus, to be drawn along the bottom under water, as in fishing, searching for drowned persons, etc.

3. A kind of sledge for conveying heavy bodies; also, a kind of low car or handcart; as, a stone drag.

4. A heavy coach with seats on top; also, a heavy carriage. [Collog.] Thackeray.

5. A heavy harrow, for breaking up ground.

6. (a) Anything towed in the water to retard a ship's progress, or to keep her head up to the wind; esp., a canvas bag with a hooped mouth, so used. See Drag sail (b) Also, a skid or shoe, for retarding the motion of a carriage wheel. (c) Hence, anything that retards; a clog; an obstacle to progress or enjoyment.

My lectures were only a pleasure to me, and no drag.

J. D. Forbes.

7. Motion affected with slowness and difficulty, as if clogged. "Had a drag in his walk." Hazlitt.

8. (Founding) The bottom part of a flask or mold, the upper part being the cope.

9. (Masonry) A steel instrument for completing the dressing of soft stone.

10. (Marine Engin.) The difference between the speed of a screw steamer under sail and that of the screw when the ship outruns the screw; or between the propulsive effects of the different floats of a paddle wheel. See Citation under Drag, v. i., 3.

Drag sail

(Naut.), a sail or canvas rigged on a stout frame, to be dragged by a vessel through the water in order to keep her head to the wind or to prevent drifting; - called also drift sail, drag sheet, drag anchor, sea anchor, floating anchor, etc. - Drag twist (Mining), a spiral hook at the end of a rod for cleaning drilled holes.


(Dra*gan"tine) n. [See Dracanth.] A mucilage obtained from, or containing, gum tragacanth.


(Drag"bar`) n. Same as Drawbar (b). Called also draglink, and drawlink. [U. S.]


(Drag"bolt`) n. A coupling pin. See under Coupling. [U. S.]


(||Dra`gÚes") n. pl. [F. See 3d Dredge.] (Pharmacy) Sugar-coated medicines.


(Drag"gle) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Draggled (-g'ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Draggling ] [Freq. of drag. √73. Cf. Drawl.] To wet and soil by dragging on the ground, mud, or wet grass; to drabble; to trail. Gray.

With draggled nets down-hanging to the tide.



(Drag"gle), v. i. To be dragged on the ground; to become wet or dirty by being dragged or trailed in the mud or wet grass. Hudibras.


(Drag"gle-tail`) n. A slattern who suffers her gown to trail in the mire; a drabble-tail.


(Drag"gle-tailed`) a. Untidy; sluttish; slatternly. W. Irving.


(Drag"link`) n. (Mach.) (a) A link connecting the cranks of two shafts. (b) A drawbar.


(Drag"man) n.; pl. Dragmen A fisherman who uses a dragnet. Sir M. Hale.


(Drag"net`) n. [Cf. AS. drŠgnet.] A net to be drawn along the bottom of a body of water, as in fishing.


(Drag"o*man) n.; pl. Dragomans [From F. dragoman, or Sp. dragoman, or It. dragomanno; all fr. LGr. Ar. tarjuman, from the same source as E. targum. Cf. Drogman, Truchman.] An interpreter; - so called in the Levant and other parts of the East.


(Drag"on) n. [F. dragon, L. draco, fr. Gr. prob. fr. to look (akin to Skr. dar to see), and so called from its terrible eyes. Cf. Drake a dragon, Dragoon.]

1. (Myth.) A fabulous animal, generally represented as a monstrous winged serpent or lizard, with a crested head and enormous claws, and regarded as very powerful and ferocious.

The dragons which appear in early paintings and sculptures are invariably representations of a winged crocodile.


In Scripture the term dragon refers to any great monster, whether of the land or sea, usually to some kind of serpent or reptile, sometimes to land serpents of a powerful and deadly kind. It is also applied metaphorically to Satan.

Thou breakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.

Ps. lxxiv. 13.

Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder; the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.

Ps. xci. 13.

He laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years.

Rev. xx. 2.

2. A fierce, violent person, esp. a woman. Johnson.

3. (Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere figured as a dragon; Draco.

4. A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds, seeming to move through the air as a winged serpent.

5. (Mil. Antiq.) A short musket hooked to a swivel attached to a soldier's belt; - so called from a representation of a dragon's head at the muzzle. Fairholt.

6. (Zo÷l.) A small arboreal lizard of the genus Draco, of several species, found in the East Indies and Southern Asia. Five or six of the hind ribs, on each side, are prolonged and covered with weblike skin, forming a sort of wing. These prolongations aid them in making long leaps from tree to tree. Called also flying lizard.

7. (Zo÷l.) A variety of carrier pigeon.

8. (Her.) A fabulous winged creature, sometimes borne as a charge in a coat of arms.

Dragon is often used adjectively, or in combination, in the sense of relating to, resembling, or characteristic of, a dragon.

Dragon arum (Bot.), the name of several species of ArisŠma, a genus of plants having a spathe and spadix. See Dragon root - Dragon fish (Zo÷l.), the dragonet. - Dragon fly (Zo÷l.), any insect of the family LibellulidŠ. They have finely formed, large and strongly reticulated wings, a large head with enormous eyes, and a long body; - called also mosquito hawks. Their larvŠ are aquatic and insectivorous. - Dragon root (Bot.), an American aroid plant (ArisŠma Dracontium); green dragon. - Dragon's blood, a resinous substance obtained from the fruit of several species of Calamus, esp. from C. Rotang and C. Draco, growing in the East Indies. A substance known as dragon's blood is obtained by exudation from DracŠna Draco; also from Pterocarpus Draco, a tree of the West Indies and South America. The color is red, or a dark brownish red, and it is used chiefly for coloring varnishes, marbles, etc. Called also Cinnabar GrŠcorum. - Dragon's head. (a) (Bot.) A plant of several species of the genus Dracocephalum. They are perennial herbs closely allied to the common catnip. (b) (Astron.) The ascending node of a planet, indicated, chiefly in almanacs, by the symbol . The deviation from the ecliptic made by a planet in passing from one node to the other seems, according to the fancy of some, to make a figure like that of a dragon, whose belly is where there is the greatest latitude; the intersections representing the head and tail; - from which resemblance the denomination arises. Encyc. Brit. - - Dragon shell (Zo÷l.), a species of limpet. - Dragon's skin, fossil stems whose leaf scars somewhat resemble the scales of reptiles; - a name used by miners and quarrymen. Stormonth. - Dragon's tail (Astron.), the descending node of a planet, indicated by the symbol . See Dragon's head - Dragon's wort (Bot.), a plant of the genus Artemisia (A. dracunculus). - Dragon tree (Bot.), a West African liliaceous tree (DracŠna Draco), yielding one of the resins called dragon's blood. See DracŠna. - Dragon water, a medicinal remedy very popular in the earlier half of the 17th century. "Dragon water may do good upon him." Randolph - Flying dragon, a large meteoric fireball; a bolide.


(Drag"on*et) n.

1. A little dragon. Spenser.

2. (Zo÷l.) A small British marine fish (Callionymuslyra); - called also yellow sculpin, fox, and gowdie.


(Drag"on*ish), a. resembling a dragon. Shak.


(Drag"on*like`) a. Like a dragon. Shak.


(Drag`on*nade") n. [F., fr. dragon dragoon, because Louis XIV., in persecuting the Protestants of his kingdom, quartered dragoons upon them.] The severe persecution of French Protestants under Louis XIV., by an armed force, usually of dragoons; hence, a rapid and devastating incursion; dragoonade.

He learnt it as he watched the dragonnades, the tortures, the massacres of the Netherlands.

C. Kingsley.

Dragon's blood

(Drag"on's blood, Drag"on's head), Drag"on's tail. See Dragon's blood, Dragon's head, etc., under Dragon.


(Dra*goon") n. [F. dragon dragon, dragoon, fr. L. draco dragon, also, a cohort's standard The name was given from the sense standard. See Dragon.]

1. ((Mil.) Formerly, a soldier who was taught and armed to serve either on horseback or on foot; now, a mounted soldier; a cavalry man.

2. A variety of pigeon. Clarke.

Dragoon bird

(Zo÷l.), the umbrella bird.


(Dra*goon"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dragooned ; p. pr. & vb. n. Dragooning.]

1. To harass or reduce to subjection by dragoons; to persecute by abandoning a place to the rage of soldiers.

2. To compel submission by violent measures; to harass; to persecute.

The colonies may be influenced to anything, but they can be dragooned to nothing.


Lewis the Fourteenth is justly censured for trying to dragoon his subjects to heaven.



(Drag`oon*ade") n. See Dragonnade.


(Dra*goon"er) n. A dragoon. [Obs.]


(Drail) v. t. & i. [√73.] To trail; to draggle. [Obs.] South.


(Drake) n. [Akin to LG. drake, OHG. antrache, anetrecho, G. enterich, Icel. andriki, Dan. andrik, OSw. andrak, andrage, masc., and fr. AS. ened, fem., duck; akin to D. eend, G. ente, Icel. ÷nd, Dan. and, Sw. and, Lith. antis, L. anas, Gr. and perh. Skr. ati a water fowl. √207. In English the first part of the word was lost. The ending is akin to E. rich. Cf. Gulaund.]

1. The male of the duck kind.

2. [Cf. Dragon fly, under Dragon.] The drake fly.

The drake will mount steeple height into the air.


Drake fly, a kind of fly, sometimes used in angling.

The dark drake fly, good in August.



(Drake), n. [AS. draca dragon, L. draco. See Dragon.]

1. A dragon. [Obs.]

Beowulf resolves to kill the drake.

J. A. Harrison

2. A small piece of artillery. [Obs.]

Two or three shots, made at them by a couple of drakes, made them stagger.



(Drake), n. [Cf. F. dravik, W. drewg, darnel, cockle, etc.] Wild oats, brome grass, or darnel grass; - called also drawk, dravick, and drank. [Prov. Eng.] Dr. Prior.


(Drake"stone) n. A flat stone so thrown along the surface of water as to skip from point to point before it sinks; also, the sport of so throwing stones; - sometimes called ducks and drakes.

Internal earthquakes, that, not content with one throe, run along spasmodically, like boys playing at what is called drakestone.

De Quincey.


(Drank), n. [Cf. 3d Drake.] Wild oats, or darnel grass. See Drake a plant. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


(Geck"o) n.; pl. Geckoes [Cf. F. & G. gecko; - so called from the sound which the animal utters.] (Zo÷l.) Any lizard of the family GeckonidŠ. The geckoes are small, carnivorous, mostly nocturnal animals with large eyes and vertical, elliptical pupils. Their toes are generally expanded, and furnished with adhesive disks, by which they can run over walls and ceilings. They are numerous in warm countries, and a few species are found in Europe and the United States. See Wall gecko, Fanfoot.


(Geck*o"tian) n. (Zo÷l.) A gecko.


(||Gar`gou*lette") n. [F.] A water cooler or jug with a handle and spout; a gurglet. Mollett.


(Gar"goyle) n. [OE. garguilie, gargouille, cf. Sp. gßrgola, prob. fr. the same source as F. gorge throat, influenced by L. gargarizare to gargle. See Gorge and cf. Gargle, Gargarize.] (Arch.) A spout projecting from the roof gutter of a building, often carved grotesquely. [Written also gargle, gargyle, and gurgoyle.]


(Gar"gyle) n. (Arch.) See Gargoyle.


(Gor"gon) n. [L. Gorgo, -onis, Gr. Gorgw`, fr. gorgo`s terrible.]

1. (Gr. Myth.) One of three fabled sisters, Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa, with snaky hair and of terrific aspect, the sight of whom turned the beholder to stone. The name is particularly given to Medusa.

2. Anything very ugly or horrid. Milton.

3. (Zo÷l.) The brindled gnu. See Gnu.


(Gor"gon), a. Like a Gorgon; very ugly or terrific; as, a Gorgon face. Dryden.


(||Gor`go*na"ce*a) n. pl. [NL.] (Zo÷l.) See Gorgoniacea.


(Gor*go"ne*an) a. See Gorgonian, 1.


(||Gor`go*ne"ion) n.; pl. Gorgoneia [NL., fr. Gr. Gorgo`neios, equiv. to Gorgei^os belonging to a Gorgon.] (Arch.) A mask carved in imitation of a Gorgon's head. Elmes.


(||Gor*go"ni*a) n. [L., a coral which hardens in the air.] (Zo÷l.)

1. A genus of Gorgoniacea, formerly very extensive, but now restricted to such species as the West Indian sea fan sea plume (G. setosa), and other allied species having a flexible, horny axis.

2. Any slender branched gorgonian.

Gorgoniacea (||Gor*go`ni*a"ce*a) n. pl. [NL. See Gorgonia.] (Zo÷l.) One of the principal divisions of Alcyonaria, including those forms which have a firm and usually branched axis, covered with a porous crust, or cťnenchyma, in which the polyp cells are situated.

The axis is commonly horny, but it may be solid and stony as in the red coral of commerce, or it may be in alternating horny and stony joints, as in Isis. See Alcyonaria, Anthozoa, Cťnenchyma.


(Gor*go"ni*an) a. [L. Gorgoneus.]

1. Pertaining to, or resembling, a Gorgon; terrifying into stone; terrific.

The rest his look Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move.


2. (Zo÷l.) Pertaining to the Gorgoniacea; as, gorgonian coral.


(Gor*go"ni*an), n. (Zo÷l.) One of the Gorgoniacea.


(Gor"gon*ize) v. t. To have the effect of a Gorgon upon; to turn into stone; to petrify. [R.]


(Lac"er*a*ble) a. [L. lacerabilis: cf. F. lacÚrable.] That can be lacerated or torn.


(Lac"er*ate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lacerated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Lacerating ] [L. laceratus, p. p. of lacerare to lacerate, fr. lacer mangled, lacerated; cf. Gr. a rent, rending, to tear; perh. akin to E. slay.] To tear; to rend; to separate by tearing; to mangle; as, to lacerate the flesh. Hence: To afflict; to torture; as, to lacerate the heart.


(Lac"er*ate Lac"er*a`ted) p. a. [L. laceratus, p. p.]

1. Rent; torn; mangled; as, a lacerated wound.

By each other's fury lacerate


2. (Bot. & Zo÷l.) Jagged, or slashed irregularly, at the end, or along the edge.


(Lac`er*a"tion) n. [L. laceratio: cf. F. lacÚration.]

1. The act of lacerating.

2. A breach or wound made by lacerating. Arbuthnot.


(Lac"er*a*tive) a. Lacerating, or having the power to lacerate; as, lacerative humors. Harvey.


(La"cert) n. [OE. lacerte. See Lacertus.] A muscle of the human body. [Obs.] Chaucer.


(La*cer"ta) n. [L. lacertus the arm.] A fathom. [Obs.] Domesday Book.


(La*cer"ta), n. [L. a lizard. See Lizard.]

1. (Zo÷l.) A genus of lizards. See Lizard.

Formerly it included nearly all the known lizards. It is now restricted to certain diurnal Old World species, like the green lizard (Lacerta viridis) and the sand lizard (L. agilis), of Europe.

2. (Astron.) The Lizard, a northern constellation.


(La*cer"tian) a. [Cf. F. lacertien.] (Zo÷l.) Like a lizard; of or pertaining to the Lacertilia. - n. One of the Lacertilia.


(||Lac`er*til"i*a) n. pl. [NL., fr. L. lacertus a lizard.] (Zo÷l.) An order of Reptilia, which includes the lizards.

They are closely related to the snakes, and like the latter, usually have the body covered with scales or granules. They usually have eyelids, and most of then have well-formed legs; but in some groups (amphisbŠna, glass-snake, etc.) the legs are wanting and the body is serpentlike. None are venomous, unless Heloderma be an exception. The order includes the chameleons, the Cionocrania, or typical lizards, and the amphisbŠnas. See AmphisbŠna, Gecko, Gila monster, and Lizard.


(Lac`er*til"i*an) a. & n. Same as Lacertian.


(La*cer"ti*loid) a. [Lacertilia + -oid.] (Zo÷l.) Like or belonging to the Lacertilia.


(La*cer"tine) a. (Zo÷l.) Lacertian.


(||La*cer"tus) n.; pl. Lacerti (- ti). [L., the upper arm.] (Anat.) A bundle or fascicle of muscular fibers.


(||Li"za) n. (Zo÷l.) The American white mullet


(Liz"ard) n. [OE. lesarde, OF. lesarde, F. lÚzard, L. lacerta, lacertus. Cf. Alligator, Lacerta.]

1. (Zo÷l.) Any one of the numerous species of reptiles belonging to the order Lacertilia; sometimes, also applied to reptiles of other orders, as the Hatteria.

Most lizards have an elongated body, with four legs, and a long tail; but there are some without legs, and some with a short, thick tail. Most have scales, but some are naked; most have eyelids, but some do not. The tongue is varied in form and structure. In some it is forked, in others, as the chameleons, club-shaped, and very extensible. See AmphisbŠna, Chameleon, Gecko, Gila monster, Horned toad, Iguana, and Dragon, 6.

2. (Naut.) A piece of rope with thimble or block spliced into one or both of the ends. R. H. Dana, Ir.

3. A piece of timber with a forked end, used in dragging a heavy stone, a log, or the like, from a field.



(Zo÷l.), a marine scopeloid fish of the genus Synodus, or Saurus, esp. S. fťtens of the Southern United States and West Indies; - called also sand pike. - Lizard snake (Zo÷l.), the garter snake - Lizard stone (Min.), a kind of serpentine from near Lizard Point, Cornwall, England, - used for ornamental purposes.

Lizard's tail

(Liz"ard's tail`) (Bot.) A perennial plant of the genus Saururus growing in marshes, and having white flowers crowded in a slender terminal spike, somewhat resembling in form a lizard's tail; whence the name. Gray.


(Oph"i*cleide) n. [F. ophiclÚide, fr. Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + gen. a key. So named because it was in effect the serpent, an old musical instrument, with keys added.] (Mus.) A large brass wind instrument, formerly used in the orchestra and in military bands, having a loud tone, deep pitch, and a compass of three octaves; - now generally supplanted by bass and contrabass tubas. Moore


(||O*phid"i*a) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. dim. of 'o`fis a snake.] (Zo÷l.) The order of reptiles which includes the serpents.

The most important divisions are: the Solenoglypha, having erectile perforated fangs, as the rattlesnake; the Proteroglypha, or elapine serpents, having permanently erect fang, as the cobra; the Asinea, or colubrine serpents, which are destitute of fangs; and the Opoterodonta, or Epanodonta, blindworms, in which the mouth is not dilatable.


(O*phid"i*an) n. [Cf. F. ophidien.] (Zo÷l.) One of the Ophidia; a snake or serpent.


(O*phid"i*an), a. [Cf. F. ophidien.] (Zo÷l.) Of or pertaining to the Ophidia; belonging to serpents.


(O*phid"i*oid) a. [Ophidion + -oid.] (Zo÷l.) Of or pertaining to the OphidiidŠ, a family of fishes which includes many slender species. - n. One of the OphidiidŠ.


(||O*phid"i*on) n.; pl. Ophidia [L., fr. Gr. little snake, fr. 'o`fis a serpent.] (Zo÷l.) The typical genus of ophidioid fishes. [Written also Ophidium.] See Illust. under Ophidioid.


(O*phid"i*ous) a. Ophidian.


(O`phi*ol"a*try) n. [Gr. 'o`fis serpent + worship.] The worship of serpents.


(O`phi*o*log"ic O`phi*o*log"ic*al) a. Of or pertaining to ophiology.


(O`phi*ol"o*gist) n. One versed in the natural history of serpents.


(O`phi*ol"o*gy) n. [Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + -logy: cf.F. ophioloqie.] That part of natural history which treats of the ophidians, or serpents.


(O"phi*o*man`cy) n. [Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + -mancy: cf. F. ophiomantie.] Divination by serpents, as by their manner of eating, or by their coils.


(||O`phi*o*mor"pha) n. pl. [NL. See Ophiomorphous.] (Zo÷l.) An order of tailless amphibians having a slender, wormlike body with regular annulations, and usually with minute scales imbedded in the skin. The limbs are rudimentary or wanting. It includes the cŠcilians. Called also Gymnophiona and Ophidobatrachia.


(O`phi*o*mor"phite) n. [Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + form.] (Paleon.) An ammonite.


(O`phi*o*mor"phous) a. [Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + -morphous.] Having the form of a serpent.


(O`phi*oph"a*gous) a. [Gr. 'o`fis a serpent + fagei^n to eat: cf. F. ophiophage.] (Zo÷l.) Feeding on serpents; - said of certain birds and reptiles.


(||O`phi*oph"a*gus), n. [NL. See Ophiophagous.] (Zo÷l.) A genus of venomous East Indian snakes, which feed on other snakes. Ophiophagus elaps is said to be the largest and most deadly of poisonous snakes.


(O"phite) a. [Gr. 'ofi`ths, fr. 'o`fis a serpent.] Of or pertaining to a serpent. [Obs.]


(O"phite), n. [L. ophites, Gr. 'ofi`ths a kind of marble spotted like a serpent: cf. F. ophite.] (Min.) A greenish spotted porphyry, being a diabase whose pyroxene has been altered to uralite; - first found in the Pyreness. So called from the colored spots which give it a mottled appearance. - O*phi"ic a.


(O"phite), n. [L. Ophitae, pl. See Ophite, a.] (Eccl.Hist.) A mamber of a Gnostic serpent-worshiping sect of the second century.


(||O`phi*u"chus) n. [L., fr. Gr. lit., holding a serpent; 'o`fis a serpent + to hold.] (Astron.) A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere, delineated as a man holding a serpent in his hands; - called also Serpentarius.


(||O`phi*u"ra) n. [NL., from Gr. snake + a tail.] (Zo÷l.) A genus of ophiurioid starfishes.


(O`phi*u"ran) a. (Zo÷l.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea. - n. One of the Ophiurioidea.


(O`phi*u"rid) n. (Zo÷l.) Same as Ophiurioid.


(||O`phi*u"ri*da) n. pl. [NL.] (Zo÷l.) Same as Ophiurioidea.


(O`phi*u"ri*oid) a. (Zo÷l.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea. - n. One of the Ophiurioidea. [Written also ophiuroid.]


(||O`phi*u`ri*oi"de*a ||O`phi*u*roi"de*a) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. serpent + tail + form.] (Zo÷l.) A class of star-shaped echinoderms having a disklike body, with slender, articulated arms, which are not grooved beneath and are often very fragile; - called also Ophiuroida and Ophiuridea. See Illust. under Brittle star.

Repent (Re"pent) a. [L. repens, -entis, creeping, p. pr. of repere to creep.]

1. (Bot.) Prostrate and rooting; - said of stems. Gray.

2. (Zo÷l.) Same as Reptant.


(Re*pent") v. i. [imp. & p. p. Repented; p. pr. & vb. n. Repenting.] [F. se repentir; L. pref. re- re- + poenitere to make repent, poenitet me it repents me, I repent. See Penitent.]

1. To feel pain, sorrow, or regret, for what one has done or omitted to do.

First she relents With pity; of that pity then repents.


2. To change the mind, or the course of conduct, on account of regret or dissatisfaction.

Lest, peradventure, the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt.

Ex. xiii. 17.

3. (Theol.) To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to love and practice sin.

Except ye repent, ye shall likewise perish.

Luke xii. 3.

Repent (Re*pent"), v. t.

1. To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.

I do repent it from my very soul.


2. To feel regret or sorrow; - used reflexively.

My father has repented him ere now.


3. To cause to have sorrow or regret; - used impersonally. [Archaic] "And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth." Gen. vi. 6.


(Re*pent"ance) n. [F. repentance.] The act of repenting, or the state of being penitent; sorrow for what one has done or omitted to do; especially, contrition for sin. Chaucer.

Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation.

2. Cor. vii. 20.

Repentance is a change of mind, or a conversion from sin to God.


Repentance is the relinquishment of any practice from the conviction that it has offended God. Sorrow, fear, and anxiety are properly not parts, but adjuncts, of repentance; yet they are too closely connected with it to be easily separated.


Syn. - Contrition; regret; penitence; contriteness; compunction. See Contrition.


(Re*pent"ant) a. [F. repentant.]

1. Penitent; sorry for sin. Chaucer.

Thus they, in lowliest plight, repentant stood.


2. Expressing or showing sorrow for sin; as, repentant tears; repentant ashes. "Repentant sighs and voluntary pains." Pope.


(Re*pent"ant), n. One who repents, especially one who repents of sin; a penitent.


(Re*pent"ant*ly), adv. In a repentant manner.


(Re*pent"er) n. One who repents.


(Re*pent"ing*ly), adv. With repentance; penitently.


(Re*pent"less), a. Unrepentant. [R.]


(Rep"-sil`ver) n. [See Reap.] Money anciently paid by servile tenants to their lord, in lieu of the customary service of reaping his corn or grain.


(Rep"tant) a. [L. reptans, -antis, p. pr. of reptare, v. intens. from repere to creep. See Reptile.]

1. (Bot.) Same as Repent.

2. (Zo÷l.) Creeping; crawling; - said of reptiles, worms, etc.


(||Rep*tan"ti*a) n. pl. [NL.] (Zo÷l.) A division of gastropods; the Pectinibranchiata.


(Rep*ta"tion) n. [L. reptatio, from reptare: cf. F. reptation.] (Zo÷l.) The act of creeping.


(Rep"ta*to*ry) a. (Zo÷l.) Creeping.


(Rep"tile) a. [F. reptile, L. reptilis, fr. repere, reptum, to creep; cf. Lith. reploti; perh. akin to L. serpere. Cf. Serpent.]

1. Creeping; moving on the belly, or by means of small and short legs.

2. Hence: Groveling; low; vulgar; as, a reptile race or crew; reptile vices.

There is also a false, reptile prudence, the result not of caution, but of fear.


And dislodge their reptile souls From the bodies and forms of men.



(Rep"tile), n.

1. (Zo÷l.) An animal that crawls, or moves on its belly, as snakes,, or by means of small, short legs, as lizards, and the like.

An inadvertent step may crush the snail That crawls at evening in the public path; But he that has humanity, forewarned, Will tread aside, and let the reptile live.


2. (Zo÷l.) One of the Reptilia, or one of the Amphibia.

The amphibians were formerly classed with Reptilia, and are still popularly called reptiles, though much more closely allied to the fishes.

3. A groveling or very mean person.


(||Rep*til"i*a) n. pl. [NL.] (Zo÷l.) A class of air-breathing oviparous vertebrates, usually covered with scales or bony plates. The heart generally has two auricles and one ventricle. The development of the young is the same as that of birds.

It is nearly related in many respects to Aves, or birds. The principal existing orders are Testidunata or Chelonia Crocodilia, Lacertilla Ophidia and Rhynchocephala; the chief extinct orders are Dinosauria, Theremorpha, Mosasauria, Pterosauria, Plesiosauria, Ichtyosauria.


(Rep*til"i*an) a. Belonging to the reptiles.

Reptilian age

(Geol.), that part of geological time comprising the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous periods, and distinguished as that era in which the class of reptiles attained its highest expansion; - called also the Secondary or Mezozoic age.


(Rep*til"i*an), n. (Zo÷l.) One of the Reptilia; a reptile.


(Saur) n. [Contracted from Gael. salachar filth, nastiness, fr. salach nasty, fr. sal filth, refuse.] Soil; dirt; dirty water; urine from a cowhouse. [Prov. Eng.]


(||Sau"ri*a) n. pl. [NL., from Gr. a lizard.] (Zo÷l.) A division of Reptilia formerly established to include the Lacertilia, Crocodilia, Dinosauria, and other groups. By some writers the name is restricted to the Lacertilia.


(Sau"ri*an) a. (Zo÷l.) Of or pertaining to, or of the nature of, the Sauria. - n. One of the Sauria.


(Sau"ri*oid) a. (Zo÷l.) Same as Sauroid.


(||Sau"ro*ba*tra"chi*a) n. pl. [NL. See Sauria, and Batrachia.] (Zo÷l.) The Urodela.


(Sau*rog"na*thous) a. [Gr. a lizard + the jaw.] (Zo÷l.) Having the bones of the palate arranged as in saurians, the vomer consisting of two lateral halves, as in the woodpeckers


(Sau"roid) a. [Gr. a lizard + -oid: cf. Gr. lizardlike.] (Zo÷l.) (a) Like or pertaining to the saurians. (b) Resembling a saurian superficially; as, a sauroid fish.


(Sau`roid*ich"nite) n. [See Sauroid, and Ichnite.] (Paleon.) The fossil track of a saurian.


(||Sau*rop"o*da) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a lizard + -poda.] (Paleon.) An extinct order of herbivorous dinosaurs having the feet of a saurian type, instead of birdlike, as they are in many dinosaurs. It includes the largest known land animals, belonging to Brontosaurus, Camarasaurus, and allied genera. See Illustration in Appendix.


(||Sau*rop"si*da) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a lizard + appearance.] (Zo÷l.) A comprehensive group of vertebrates, comprising the reptiles and birds.


(||Sau*rop`te*ryg"i*a) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a lizard + a wing.] (Paleon.) Same as Plesiosauria.


(||Ser"pens) n. [L. See Serpent.] (Astron.) A constellation represented as a serpent held by Serpentarius.


(Ser"pent) n. [F., fr. L. serpens, -entis fr. serpens, p. pr. of serpere to creep; akin to Gr. Skr. sarp, and perhaps to L. repere, E. reptile. Cf. Herpes.]

1. (Zo÷l.) Any reptile of the order Ophidia; a snake, especially a large snake. See Illust. under Ophidia.

The serpents are mostly long and slender, and move partly by bending the body into undulations or folds and pressing them against objects, and partly by using the free edges of their ventral scales to cling to rough surfaces. Many species glide swiftly over the ground, some burrow in the earth, others live in trees. A few are entirely aquatic, and swim rapidly. See Ophidia, and Fang.

2. Fig.: A subtle, treacherous, malicious person.

3. A species of firework having a serpentine motion as it passess through the air or along the ground.

4. (Astron.) The constellation Serpens.

5. (Mus.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; - so called from its form.

Pharaoh's serpent (Chem.), mercuric sulphocyanate, a combustible white substance which in burning gives off a poisonous vapor and leaves a peculiar brown voluminous residue which is expelled in a serpentine from. It is employed as a scientific toy. - Serpent cucumber (Bot.), the long, slender, serpentine fruit of the cucurbitaceous plant Trichosanthes colubrina; also, the plant itself. - Serpent eage (Zo÷l.), any one of several species of raptorial birds of the genera CircaŰtus and Spilornis, which prey on serpents. They inhabit Africa, Southern Europe, and India. The European serpent eagle is CircaŰtus Gallicus. - Serpent eater. (Zo÷l.) (a) The secretary bird. (b) An Asiatic antelope; the markhoor. - Serpent fish (Zo÷l.), a fish (Cepola rubescens) with a long, thin, compressed body, and a band of red running lengthwise. - Serpent star (Zo÷l.), an ophiuran; a brittle star. - Serpent's tongue (Paleon.), the fossil tooth of a shark; - so called from its resemblance to a tongue with its root. - Serpent withe (Bot.), a West Indian climbing plant (Aristolochia odoratissima). - Tree serpent (Zo÷l.), any species of African serpents belonging to the family DendrophidŠ.


(Ser"pent), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Serpented; p. pr. & vb. n. Serpenting.] To wind like a serpent; to crook about; to meander. [R.] "The serpenting of the Thames." Evelyn.


(Ser"pent), v. t. To wind; to encircle. [R.] Evelyn.


(||Ser`pen*ta"ri*a) a.[L. (sc. herba), fr. serpens serpent.] (Med.) The fibrous aromatic root of the Virginia snakeroot (Aristolochia Serpentaria).


(||Ser`pen*ta"ri*us) n.[NL., fr. L. serpens serpent.] (Astron.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; - called also Ophiuchus.


(Ser*pen"ti*form) a. [L. serpens a serpent + -form.] Having the form of a serpent.


(Ser`pen*tig"e*nous) a. [L. serpens, -entis, a serpent + -genous: cf. L. serpentigena.] Bred of a serpent.


(Ser"pen*tine) a. [L. serpentinus: cf. F. serpentin.] Resembling a serpent; having the shape or qualities of a serpent; subtle; winding or turning one way and the other, like a moving serpent; anfractuous; meandering; sinuous; zigzag; as, serpentine braid.

Thy shape Like his, and color serpentine.


Serpentine (Ser"pen*tine), n. [Cf. (for sense 1) F. serpentine, (for sense 2) serpentin.]

1. (Min.) A mineral or rock consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a serpent's skin. Precious, or noble, serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color.

Serpentine has been largely produced by the alteration of other minerals, especially of chrysolite.

2. (Ordnance) A kind of ancient cannon.


(Ser"pen*tine), v. i. To serpentize. [R.] Lyttleton.


(Ser"pen*tine*ly), adv. In a serpentine manner.


(Ser`pen*tin"i*an) n. (Eccl.) See 2d Ophite.


(Ser"pen*tin*ize) v. t. (Min.) To convert (a magnesian silicate) into serpentine. - Ser`pen*tin`i*za"tion n.


(Ser"pen*ti`nous) a. Relating to, or like, serpentine; as, a rock serpentinous in character.


(Ser"pent*ize) v. i. To turn or bend like a serpent, first in one direction and then in the opposite; to meander; to wind; to serpentine. [R.]

The river runs before the door, and serpentizes more than you can conceive.



(Ser"pent*ry) n.

1. A winding like a serpent's.

2. A place inhabited or infested by serpents.

Serpent-tongued (Ser"pent-tongued`) a. (Zo÷l.) Having a forked tongue, like a serpent.


(Snake) n. [AS. snaca; akin to LG. snake, schnake, Icel. snakr, snkr, Dan. snog, Sw. snok; of uncertain origin.] (Zo÷l.) Any species of the order Ophidia; an ophidian; a serpent, whether harmless or venomous. See Ophidia, and Serpent.

Snakes are abundant in all warm countries, and much the larger number are harmless to man.

Blind snake, Garter snake, Green snake, King snake, Milk snake, Rock snake, Water snake, etc. See under Blind, Garter, etc. - Fetich snake (Zo÷l.), a large African snake (Python SebŠ) used by the natives as a fetich. - Ringed snake (Zo÷l.), a common European columbrine snake - Snake eater. (Zo÷l.) (a) The markhoor. (b) The secretary bird. - Snake fence, a worm fence (which see). [U.S.] - Snake fly (Zo÷l.), any one of several species of neuropterous insects of the genus Rhaphidia; - so called because of their large head and elongated neck and prothorax. - Snake gourd (Bot.), a cucurbitaceous plant (Trichosanthes anguina) having the fruit shorter and less snakelike than that of the serpent cucumber. - Snake killer. (Zo÷l.) (a) The secretary bird. (b) The chaparral cock. - Snake moss (Bot.), the common club moss (Lycopodium clavatum). See Lycopodium. - Snake nut (Bot.), the fruit of a sapindaceous tree (Ophiocaryon paradoxum) of Guiana, the embryo of which resembles a snake coiled up. - Tree snake (Zo÷l.), any one of numerous species of colubrine snakes which habitually live in trees, especially those of the genus Dendrophis and allied genera.


(Snake), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Snaked ; p. pr. & vb. n. Snaking.]

1. To drag or draw, as a snake from a hole; - often with out. [Colloq. U.S.] Bartlett.

2. (Naut.) To wind round spirally, as a large rope with a smaller, or with cord, the small rope lying in the spaces between the strands of the large one; to worm.


(Snake), v. i. To crawl like a snake.


(Snake"bird`) n. [So named from its snakelike neck.] (Zo÷l.)

1. Any one of four species of aquatic birds of the genus Anhinga or Plotus. They are allied to the gannets and cormorants, but have very long, slender, flexible necks, and sharp bills.

The American species (Anhinga, or Plotus, anhinga) inhabits the Southern United States and tropical America; - called also darter, and water turkey. The Asiatic species (A. melanogaster) is native of Southern Asia and the East Indies. Two other species inhabit Africa and Australia respectively.

2. (Zo÷l.) The wryneck.


(Snake"fish`) n. (Zo÷l.) (a) The band fish. (b) The lizard fish.


(Snake"head`) n.

1. A loose, bent-up end of one of the strap rails, or flat rails, formerly used on American railroads. It was sometimes so bent by the passage of a train as to slip over a wheel and pierce the bottom of a car.

2. (Bot.) (a) The turtlehead. (b) The Guinea-hen flower. See Snake's-head, and under Guinea.

Snakeneck (Snake"neck`) n. (Zo÷l.) The snakebird, 1.

Snakeroot (Snake"root`) n. (Bot.) Any one of several plants of different genera and species, most of which are (or were formerly) reputed to be efficacious as remedies for the bites of serpents; also, the roots of any of these.

The Virginia snakeroot is Aristolochia Serpentaria; black snakeroot is Sanicula, esp. S. Marilandica, also Cimicifuga racemosa; Seneca snakeroot is Polygala Senega; button snakeroot is Liatris, also Eryngium; white snakeroot is Eupatorium ageratoides. The name is also applied to some others besides these.

Snake's-head (Snake's"-head`) n. (Bot.) The Guinea-hen flower; - so called in England because its spotted petals resemble the scales of a snake's head. Dr. Prior.

Snake's-head iris (Bot.), an iridaceous plant (Hermodactylus tuberosus) of the Mediterranean region. The flowers slightly resemble a serpent's open mouth.


(Snake"stone`) n.

1. A kind of hone slate or whetstone obtained in Scotland.

2. (Paleon.) An ammonite; - so called from its form, which resembles that of a coiled snake.


(Snake's-tongue`) n. (Bot.) Same as Adder's-tongue.


(Snake"weed`) n. (Bot.) (a) A kind of knotweed (Polygonum Bistorta). (b) The Virginia snakeroot. See Snakeroot.


(Snake"wood`) n. (Bot.) (a) An East Indian climbing plant (Strychnos colubrina) having a bitter taste, and supposed to be a remedy for the bite of the hooded serpent. (b) An East Indian climbing shrub (Ophioxylon serpentinum) which has the roots and stems twisted so as to resemble serpents. (c) Same as Trumpetwood. (d) A tropical American shrub (Plumieria rubra) which has very fragrant red blossoms. (e) Same as Letterwood.


(Snak"ish) a. Having the qualities or characteristics of a snake; snaky.


(Snak"y) a.

1. Of or pertaining to a snake or snakes; resembling a snake; serpentine; winding.

The red light playing upon its gilt and carving gave it an appearance of snaky life.

L. Wallace.

2. Sly; cunning; insinuating; deceitful.

So to the coast of Jordan he directs His easy steps, girded with snaky wiles.


3. Covered with serpents; having serpents; as, a snaky rod or wand. Dryden.

That snaky-headed, Gorgon shield.


From Strongs Hebrew Dictionary


Phonetic Spelling
1.serpent, snake
b.image (of serpent)
c.fleeing serpent (mythological)


Phonetic Spelling
1.horned snake
2.(CLBL) a serpent, perhaps an adder or
horned snake


Phonetic Spelling
1.dragon, serpent, sea monster
a.dragon or dinosaur
b.sea or river monster
c.serpent, venomous snake


Phonetic Spelling
1.leviathan, sea monster, dragon
a.large aquatic animal
b.perhaps the extinct dinosaur,
plesiosaurus, exact meaning unknown ++++ Some think this to be a crocodile but from the description in Job 41 this is patently absurd. It appears to ba a large fire breathing animal of some sort. Just as the bomardier beetle has an explosion producing mechanism, so the great sea dragon may have an explosive producing mechanism to enable it to be a real fire breathing dragon.


Phonetic Spelling
1.serpent, fiery serpent a.poisonous serpent (fiery from burning effect of poison)

2.seraph, seraphim
a.majestic beings with 6 wings, human hands or voices in attendance upon God


Phonetic Spelling
1.a viper, snake


Phonetic Spelling
1.snake, serpent
2.with the ancients, the serpent was an emblem of cunning and wisdom. The serpent who deceived Eve was regarded by the Jews as the devil.


Phonetic Spelling
1.a snake, venomous serpent
a.perhaps the cobra, adder, or viper


Phonetic Spelling
tseh'-fah or
1.poisonous serpent
a.a viper snake or adder


1.plait, chaplet, wreath, crown
a.plait, coronet, diadem


Phonetic Spelling
1.(Qal) to wrap, wrap or wind up together, wind around

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