Sauroids and Reptilians
In the June, 1948 issue of AMAZING STORIES Magazine, pp. 158-190,
'Chief Sequoyah' related the following account, which appeared
under the title: 'SPIRIT OF THE SERPENT GOD':
"Somewhere in the mountains of Oregon there is a hidden cave
with a small stream flowing from its mouth. Within the cave lies
a vast hoard of gold and jewelry surrounded by the crumbling
bones of an ancient tribe of Indians. But watching over both,
guarding them against theft by white man and hostile Indian
alike, hovers the terrible spirit of the great serpent. He has
already wreaked death upon intruders...
"My own father told me this story, and his father told him,
and for uncounted generations it has been a legend of our tribe
which lived along the coastline of Oregon and northern
California. My father was a medicine man and he knew the ancient
"White people today have been taught to regard the serpent
as the Devil himself, or at any rate his chief emissary on earth.
"...Now in the east, far east of the mountains in the great
plains, there was an Indian chieftain named Blue Eagle who had
violated the sacred laws of his tribe, They did not kill Blue
Eagle, because the tribe did not believe in the death penalty.
Instead they banished him and all his belongings and his family
forever from the plains. Westward they went, over the plains,
the deserts, the mountains, and ultimately the clan came to the
Oregon shore. Here they settled and after hundreds of years they
became a great tribe. They prospected and mined gold and made
golden ornaments and vessels of shining yellow metal.
"But the curse of the first Chief Blue Eagle's evil deeds
came at last to rest upon his children. An epidemic of disease
hit the tribe at the height of its strength. Enemy tribes they
could fight, and strong wild beasts of the mountains, but they
could not fight this sickness. They died like mayflies in the
early spring, men and women and children. They fell so fast that
there were not enough well men and women to bury the dead. How
could their spirits and their precious belongings be committed to
the 'care' of the serpent god (which they worshipped) if graves
could not be dug for them?
"The medicine man called a last council of all the men in
the tribe who could summon strength to attend. 'We are doomed,'
he told them. 'The spirits of evil who roam the earth have fixed
their eyes upon our spirits and our possessions. We must entrust
them to the care of the serpent god.'
"Since they believed thay had no hope in life, they decided
that all they could do would be to protect themselves in death.
They gathered their riches and precious belongings and their
kinfolk and held sacred rites before the mouth of a cave in the
mountainside. In the ceremony, the medicine man instructed the
serpent to guard over the cave. Then they entered the cave with
their belongings, and as each of them died in the cave, the
spirit of the dead brave would enter into the serpent so that he
would become the stronger to guard it. As a final protection, a
landslide was started which closed the cave for hundreds of
"A special curse was placed against any white man who might
find the cave, and the serpent god who guarded it was enjoined to
protect it especially against men of white skin. If a white man
were to enter the cave, he must die by the strength of the great
serpent. 'No other man but a Red Man, and one with the heart of
the Red Man, can use the contents of the secret cave, and then
only for the benefit of the Red Man'--so ran the injunction of
the serpent god....
"This was the legend. Now what has happened to the cave and
"I have heard many stories of people finding the cave and
never having been seen since (Note: whether these people were
gold-hungry or whether they were innocent curiosity seekers,
didn't seem to matter, if they were white and they entered the
cave the chances were they never came out - Branton). I have
tried to trace many of these stories down to find out what truth
there may be to them and to the curse of the great serpent. I
have not been able to verify any of these stories--except one.
"In the early days of the gold rush, three prospectors
started north from California to explore the mountains of
Southern Oregon. They came in with pack mules and mining
equipment, provisioned for a long stay. They panned numerous
streams on their way, searching for the precious yellow color of
gold. They found it one day in a small creek running around the
base of a mountain. Up stream and down stream they panned,
searching for concentrations of the yellow stuff, but they found
very little except at the mouth of a tiny stream which came into
the creek out of a cave in the mountain.
"These men were Peter Jackson, an old-time mountain man;
Mike Burns, who spoke in a Scottish burr so rough it had knobs on
it, and Jed O'Hara, part Spanish, part Irish, and a host of other
Jackson was a cold, hard character, experienced in the
wilderness and not caring a damn for Indian or grizzly bear.
Burns was easy-going but stubborn once he got on the trail of
something. O'Hara apparently was a carefree, hard-working man
when the mood was on him, a great whiskey drinker if there was
any whiskey to be had, and undoubtedly the most emotional of the
trio. He was the only one who could rightly be held to be a
superstitious man, and as it turned out this characteristic was
to save his life--what was left of it, that is.
"Every evidence seemed to point to the fact that the tiny
stream issuing from the cave mouth was the source of the color.
Considering that fact, it is an odd thing that the three
prospectors did not immediately begin to explore the cave.
Instead they gave the larger creek a thorough going over, and
even explored streams in neighboring valleys from their main camp
near the cave. In view of what happened later, it is probable
that O'Hara dissuaded his two companions from exploring the cave
to any depth until it became evident that if they were to find
any gold at all it would have to be within the cave.
"As they sat around the campfire at dusk, they could see the
mouth of the cave beckoning to them with its promise of gold, and
yet at the same time coldly warning them to stay away. As
darkness fell it might have looked like the black pit of hell
itself to the superstitious Jed O'Hara, and we can imagine him
staring at it until it became indistinguishable against the black
cloak of night. Exactly why he was so reluctant to enter the
cave we cannot say. It may have been the innate
superstitiousness of his nature or it may have been that with his
part Mexican-Spanish origins he understood enough of the Indian
lingo to have heard some legend of the lost tribe of Chief Blue
Eagle and of their guardian great serpent. But the decision had
been made. They would explore the cave.
"It may have been after troubled dreams that the trio awoke
to the greatest day of their lives. They ate their broiled
venison for breakfast in silence and after pipes they prepared
pine torches and were ready for the trip. At the mouth of the
cave they built a large fire, hoping to see it glimmering as a
guide from the dark interior. The entrance was very narrow at
its lower level, and nearly blocked by a huge boulder around
which the stream had eroded a channel just wide enough for them
to squeeze by one at a time.
"The passage continued narrow for several hundred feet.
Jackson, the largest of the three, was in the lead, with Burns
following close behind and O'Hara brought up a somewhat reluctant
rear. They had proceeded about 500 yards when they heard a loud
hissing sound. They halted abruptly. Jackson started to say
something when he felt soft wings brush past him and Burns chimed
in with the reassuring words that it was just a bat. They moved
ahead, always more slowly, held back by a growing dread of the
unknown. It is hard to see ahead very far with the aid of a pine
torch, even when it is held high above the head. The holder is
illuminated far better than anything he tries to illuminate; he
is, in short, a target.
"Realizing this in the stygian blackness of the high-vaulted
cavern, the three continued their ever more-reluctant advance.
And then Jackson screamed in mortal fear. Almost instantly Burns
too began to scream hoarsely. In the light of their falling
torches, O'Hara saw that the two men ahead had turned to run. He
also saw what they were fleeing--a huge coiled serpent with eyes
glowing red in the reflected torch light, jaws agape. The
fearful vision seemed to freeze O'Hara's brain with terror but
his feet grew wings.
"One evening, perhaps three months later, the prospectors in
a mining camp were on their last round of drinks when a fantastic
creature stumbled into the saloon. He appearance was enough to
make even these rugged miners halt the glass on its way to their
lips. His matted filthy beard was long, his eyes sunken, his
cheeks the cheeks of a starving man. He was nearly naked, his
clothes ripped off or worn off by the clawing branches and
unfriendly rocks of Southern Oregon's mountains. This was what
was left of Jed O'Hara.
"It was possible to nurse his body back into a semblance of
health, his mind never. When he was able to force words where
only gibberish had come, and eventually to link words into rare
sentences, there gradually emerged, piece by piece over the
months, a story so obviously fantastic that the prospectors shook
their heads and said that Jed O'Hara would never be the same
"As for his story, prospectors knew better than to believe a
madman's babblings about a giant snake as large around as a
hogshead and as long as a pack rope. But on the other hand,
there might be something to his confused tale (prospectors being
what they are) about an ancient Indian treasure in a cave. Once
several of them organized an expedition around poor old Jed and
tried to find his cave. They had no luck with it.
"People would have forgotten the story of Jed O'Hara and his
lost partners and his snake if two Indian hunters hadn't stumbled
onto an old camp in the mountains 40 years later. There were
some rusty guns, a couple of old cast iron pots, and the rotted
remains of other paraphernalia which suggested their owners had
left in a hurry. And nearby there was a cave, with a tiny stream
emerging from its mouth. The Indians decided to explore the
cave. To their horror they found the bones of two men a short
way inside. They did not go further.
"When they told their story on the outside, a search party
was formed to investigate the mystery. The Indians guided the
party to the cave and its grisly remains. The remains of the
hunting knives, a belt buckle and a few coins indicated that
(they) were the bones of white men. But what were they doing
here, and what had killed them?
A rock fall had blocked off the
cave so it would be hard to penetrate it much beyond the site
where the two skeletons lay. But it did not seem in any way
responsible for their deaths. A further mystery appeared when
the bones were carried out of the cave. The ribs and upper
spinal columns seemed literally pulverized by some mighty
crushing force, as a vise. But no satisfactory answer was ever
found by the white men. The bones were buried near the old camp
site and for many years the Indians avoided the place.
"Now the cave is lost again, perhaps covered by the heavy
undergrowth in the hidden mountains, perhaps by a landslide. The
Indian hunters who discovered it have long since gone to the
happy hunting ground... I hope some day to rediscover it an put
its riches to the use of my people."
John A. Keel, in his book 'THE EIGHTH TOWER' (pp. 97,119), in
keeping with his in depth study of 'monstrology' or in more
scientific terms 'cryptozoology', describes some of the 'monster'
accounts he has come across describing hominoid beasts which
reeked of sulfurous fumes:
"...(An) important characteristics of our monsters is that
they nearly always appear close to water--lakes, streams,
reservoirs, swamps. This has stimulated some discussion that the
creatures might be amphibians who actually live at the bottom of
bodies of water and only rarely venture onto land. If this were
actually the case, they shouldn't be so desperately in need of a
bath. They might be scented with the odor of stagnant water.
But hydrogen sulfide?
"...Eager would-be UFO photographers the world over have
been puzzled when their expensive cameras failed to function at
the critical moment, returning to normal as soon as the UFO had
soared out of view. Holiday (a researcher referred to earlier in
his text - Branton) cites a number of instances in which this has
occurred at Loch Ness. In some cases, the cameras seemed to
work, but the developed film came out completely blank. This has
also happened to innumerable UFO photographers (and) ghost
F. W. Holiday, in his book 'THE DRAGON AND THE DISK' (W.W. Norton
& Co., Inc. New York, N.Y. 1973) relates some unusual facts
concerning the relationship between serpent or 'dragon' legends
and the modern 'UFO' phenomena:
"...To introduce further unknowns when you have not
satisfactorily dealt with the first one is not an ideal way of
solving equations. However, the ancients leave us no option.
For they considered the dragon in relation to an even more
remarkable set of phenomena -- phenomena that have produced a
greater amount of controversy within the last two decades than
any other mystery known to the modern world. This is the riddle
of the Flying Disk or U.F.O.
"Thanks to an excellent analysis of French and Spanish cave-
art by Aime Michel in 1969, we can now be quite certain that
people of the Magdalenian culture... observed the same or very
similar U.F.O. phenomena to those described by recent witnesses.
We can be confident about this because the Magdalenians were
without equal as artists in the world of prehistory as is proved
by their superb coloured murals. When they sketched a Flying
Disc, therefore - and hundreds are depicted in cave art - it
seems obvious that they actually observed such objects just as
they observed the horses depicted at Lascaux and the mammoths at
Rouffignac. Discs are particularly plentiful in one of the most
famous caves of the period - Altamira. These people painted not
only bison, bears and other wildlife, but also 'flying saucers'.
In chapter thirteen, 'THE SERPENT PEOPLE', Holiday begins
with a quote from a poem by the black sorcerer Aleister Crowley:
"'...It seemed to all of them as though the air grew thick
and greasy; that of that slime were bred innumerable creeping
things, monsters misshapen, abortions of dead paths of evolution,
creatures which had not been found fit to live upon the earth and
so had been cast off by her as excrement.'
Crowley however did not hide the fact that he worshipped
such 'excrement', as can be seen by his own degenerate existence
as a sorcerer.
"Satanism - that is to say the religion of the
dragon...seems to have been contemporaneous in BABYLON and Bronze
Age Britain. In both countries it was probably practiced by
minority groups and became official only in times of decadence.
"When Cryus occupied Ur...a form of dragon-worship seems to
have been in vogue. The priests of this cult escaped the
Persians by fleeing north with their PONTIFF into the mountains
of Asia Minor. They finally came to rest at a place called
Pergamos in Lydia (western Turkey) and there set up a religious
centre which became known as 'Satan's seat'. St. John said: 'And
to the angel of the church of Pergamos, write: These things saith
he [God] which hath the sharp sword with two edges [judgement and
mercy]: I know they works, and where thou dwellest, EVEN
where Satan's seat it...'
"The Romans also knew about Satan's seat AND ANNEXED IT INTO
THEIR EMPIRE IN 133 B.C. after the death of Attalus III, the last
of the Pergamite kings. About this period A PLAGUE BROKE OUT IN
ROME and prayers were offered to the Roman 'gods' in vain. It
was decided, therefore, to appeal to Satan at Pergamos.
"The symbol of the cult was A SERPENT and a special ship
was sent to Lydia TO TRANSPORT THE GOD TO ROME. There it was
installed as a deity with great pomp. The disease had probably
run its course and the resulting improvement in public health was
attributed to Satan. The new religion was so popular that snakes
of inoffensive species were allowed to glide around at parties --
at least so Seneca says. In HISTORIA AUGUSTA they are called
DRACUNCULI or little dragons.
"The Aesculapian Serpent - as the 'god' was called - is
shown on a carving at Pompeii and is unlike anything known to
herpetologists. It had vertical humps and snail-like horns,
exactly like the monsters of Scotland and Ireland. A bronze
Urarian cauldron in Rome carries the erect head and neck of the
creature modelled in the round. It is hideous. it has a shovel-
like mouth, bulging eyes and tentacles or sensory-organs hanging
on each side of the face.
"No-one, of course, thought that snakes were dragons. The
malignant Great Serpent of Babylonia was TYPHON or Teitan, Satan,
the author of wickedness...
"Politicians, however, never look a gift-horse in the mouth
as long as it produces results. After giving the Roman people
carnage in the guise of circus entertainment, there was no reason
for the EMPERORS to shrink from a little devil-worship. Even the
national flag was given the treatment. Ammianus Marcellinus
describes the standard 'PURPUREUM SIGNUM DRACONIS'. And when
Julius Caesar appeared in full regalia as the PONTIFEX MAXIMUS he
was dressed in reddish-purple robes the same as the Pergamite
dragon-priests. The reader can trace the rest of the story in
Gibbon's 'RISE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE'.
"DRAGON-WORSHIP PERSISTED LONG AFTER CHRISTIANITY (and also
'Catholicism?' - Branton) HAD BEEN PROCLAIMED. Tertullian
complained: 'These heretics magnify the serpent to such a degree
as to prefer him even to Christ himself; for he, they say, gave
us the first knowledge of good and evil.'
"[Some of] the Babylonians strongly believed that the
monsters were evil. R. C. Thompson, in 'THE DEVILS AND EVIL
SPIRITS OF BABYLONIA', gives an 'incantation' that was used
against the creatures:
"'...Seven are they, seven are they. In the Ocean Deep,
seven are they. They are reared in the home of the Ocean Deep.
Neither male nor female are they. They are as the roaming
wildbeast. No wife have they, no son do they beget. They know
neither mercy nor pity. They harken not unto prayers and
supplications. They are as the horses reared on the hills. The
Evil Ones of EA, throne-bearers of the gods are they. They stand
in the highway to befoul the path. Evil are they, evil are they.
By Heaven be ye exorcised!'"
Holiday continues: "Various Loch Ness witnesses have said
that the head of a monster looks like the head of a goat... It is
no surprise, therefore, to find that the Babylonians used the
expression 'antelope of the deep' for the creatures. The exiled
Jews at Ur called them chimera or goat-spirits. There are goat-
spirits illustrated on some ancient British coins.
"...Dragon-worship had various appeals. The believer was
bound by no rigid moral code. But obviously the Pergamites had
some sort of a code otherwise their community would hardly have
survived for about 400 years. Another appeal was that Satan, on
EARTH, was said to be more powerful than God.
In fact a passage
in the Bible calls him 'the god of THIS world' as distinct from
the God of HEAVEN (According to Hebrew scripture the Evil One
gained possession of this world when the Evadamic descendants
'sold out' the planet to it. The 'New Testament', especially
in REVELATION, states that the 'title deed' to the earth was
'bought back' by Jesus the Messiah or Christ who, even though he
was the ruler of countless billions of worlds nevertheless felt
that this small world, the cradle of life, was worth the price -
Branton). In view of some of the happenings on the planet, this
is still a pretty good argument.
"Our knowledge of Satanism in Bronze Age Britain is based
almost entirely on archaeological remains. British dragon-
worshippers used to build gigantic models of their deity out of
earth and stones. A few examples still survive in Scotland
overlooking waters where the monsters existed.
"There is a huge dragon-simulation on the banks of the Clyde
and another at Ach-na-Goul near Inverary. In 1969 I visited the
dragon-simulation in Glen Feochan near Oban. The hundred yard
long model is at the lower end of Loch Neil. John S. Phene,
F.G.S., F.R.G.S., described it to the British Association in
Edinburgh as being 'in the form of a serpent or saurian'. The
head seems to be represented by a cairn.
"The most dramatic of the dragon models, however, is on the
ridge of Ben Cruachan above the Pass of Brander. It overlooks
Lock Awe (Note: The popular encyclopedia of mythology, 'THE
MYTHOLOGY OF ALL RACES', contains a volume titled 'CELTIC
MYTHOLOGY' which refers to a cavern called 'Cruachan' in Great
Britain from which strange and frightening beasts were said to
emerge over the centuries, creatures which would cause death a
havoc to the residents of the countryside. Although it may be
nothing more than a 'legend' could Cruachan cavern be connected
to the 'Cruachan Ridge' just mentioned? - Branton). The Great
Beast of Loch Awe (BEATHACH MOR LOCH ODHA) was celebrated in
"...Oddly, no dragon models seem to have been found in
Ireland. it is possible that they were levelled by early
Christians. 'St. Patrick may have struck a more subtle and
fundamental blow at paganism than is generally realized when be
banished the serpents from Ireland,' comments Dr. Anne Ross.
With this I entirely agree.
"Place-names suggest a relationship with the old dragon
cult. 'I went round the whole of Ireland until I found the girl
at Loch Bel Dragon at CROTTA CLIACH,' says an unknown eighth-
century author. The modern name for this lake in the Galtee
Mountains is Loch Curra. The word 'Bel' is a reference to the
Babylonian god Bel-Marduk. The Scots seem to have changed it to
'Bill', the name they used for a bull. As recently as 200 years
ago it was customary to sacrifice a bull on 25 August, on the
isle of Inishmaree, to the dragons in Lough Maree. So the idea
must have been well-rooted.
"How and when the religion of the dragon...crossed to
America is not known. Quite the best dragon-simulation is the
earthwork at Peebles, Ohio. The ground-plan of this structure
with its thin neck, bulky frontal portion and coiling eel-like
tail is a good representation of the phenomena that appear in
lochs. So it looks as if someone, somewhere, had a really gook
look at a specimen.
"The centre of activity of the culture seems to have been at
the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. It was in
this area that Marquette, a missionary-explorer, found
petroglyphs of dragons on a bluff in 1675. He appears to have
named the bluff 'Piasa Rock' or 'Piast Rock' (Rock of the Pest).
The dragons, painted in red, black and green, were the objects of
worship by the Indians. The bluff was near the present town of
Alton. Unfortunately, the face of the rock was quarried away in
1846-47 and the only trace of the dragons are the illustrations
in a rather rare German book.
"These Illinois dragons had slightly Chinese features. You
would have to march a long way into the hinterland of art forms
to find a more unlikely combination than a pair of Chinese
dragons painted by Amerinds which were given the Latin name
'Piast' by a French priest.
"However, it doesn't seem to be very likely that the
Amerinds, as a whole, were much given to dragon-worship. Rather
"Monsters and U.F.O's are no longer observed solely in the
isolation of lonely communities. People are becoming aware.
"...The American Indian doesn't need a Condon Report to tell
him about U.F.O.s. He needs only to look at the history of his
"The question arises: does dragon-worship still go on?
"Britain's best-known Satanist was the late Aleister
Crowley. At the end of the last century he bought Boleskine
House on Loch Ness and started signing his letter 'The Great
Beast'. This was years before the WORLD heard about Loch Ness
monsters. Crowley than came into contact with the ideas of Dr.
"Dee lived in Wales during the sixteenth century. He was an
occultist (and) Queen Elizabeth I consulted him over all her
"...In spite of everything, the universe is one and hydrogen
atoms dance on Mars and Venus just as they dance on earth.
Although it now seems that Satan and his dragons really do exist,
we are already beginning to perceive dimly that they are actually
components of a much greater reality extending through
unthinkable gulfs of time and space.
"...dragon phenomena, although apparently objective in
nature, can be demonstrated only to the extent that U.F.O.
phenomena can be demonstrated. That is to say, both can be
occasionally photographed at a distance, both yield returns using
sonar and radar respectively, yet neither leave behind any
material analysis (Some would argue with that however, and state
that in MOST cases when such hard 'evidence' surfaces it is
immediately apprehended by officials and given the highest
secrecy classification - Branton).
The U.F.O., as we have seen,
can actually disappear while under observation in the manner of
an apparition. Whether dragons can do so also must remain a
possibility until we know more about the real nature of these
Drawing some links between traditional supernatural or
'paranormal' phenomena, Mr. Holiday relates the following
"On 7 October 1965, Annabelle Randall was driving her
fiance, John Plowman, back to his home near Warminster (England).
At 11:30 p.m. they approached a railway bridge near Heytesbury,
Wiltshire, where several FATAL ACCIDENTS have occurred.
"As the car approached the bridge they saw a sprawled
[creature] lying with its legs and feet on the road. Miss
Randall managed to avoid them and stopped. It was found that the
figure had vanished. A search of the road, the bridge and the
surrounding area failed to reveal any trace.
"About 12:25 a.m. the girl set off alone on the return
journey. Near the same bridge she saw a bright orange glow
against an embankment. She described it as a 'large orange ball'
which suddenly shot across the road and took off into the sky.
"Simultaneously, she became aware of a second round object
except thit this one was dark and stationary. And walking along
the road towards her came two figures wearing tight-fitting dark
clothes and some sort of headgear. From the thighs downwards
they glistened as if wet. The car almost ran them down as the
now frightened driver kept going at top speed till she reached
"...From all this there is a case to be argued that monsters
and U.F.O.s are in some way linked. Abnormal chains of causation
tending to frustrate inquiry into the nature of the phenomena
have been reported in both cases. John A. Keel, an American
journalist who has been delving into the mystery for over thirty
years, talks about a 'conspiracy'.
He warned me: 'Proceed with
great caution in your Loch Ness work. We are caught up in a
series of games which must be played by "their" rules. Anyone
who tries to invent his own rules, or breaks the basic pattern,
soon loses his mind or even his life.' (This might apply in many
instances, except of course in the case of those who are working
for and 'on the side' of someone much 'greater' than the
draconian forces apparently working behind much of the 'UFO' and
'creature' events - Branton). Those who think that this is
dramatic and absurd may care to remember the words of St. John:
"'And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire to come
down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men and deceiveth
them that dwell on the earth by THE MEANS of those miracles which
he had power to do in the sight of the BEAST.'
"'The beast' that performed these miracles was what the Jews
called 'The Shining One', 'The Great Serpent' and 'Satan'. If
this is the underlying truth of the phenomena then Keel's warning
is by no means too strong."
In 'POPULAR SCIENCE', March 1990 issue, p. 24, we read of an
apparently quite intelligent, predatory lizard which constantly
walked upright on two legs in a remarkable human-like manner,
counter balanced by a tail. This lizard, in fact, may have been
the original ancestor of all the reptilian species throughout the
world (and beyond?). If left to it's 'natural' course (of not so
much 'evolution' as 'mutation') over the years, according to
some paleontologists, a race of creatures such as described below
might have through natural selection become more intelligent and
'hominoid' in nature, and as its brain and physical form
developed, and it's limbs became stronger through 'survival of
the fittest', the 'tails' of such a predatory race may have
Anyway, this is what some scientists have
theorized. But such creatures are long extinct, according to
'official' scientific knowledge. Because of this, they say, we
need not worry about being threatened by such a race which, if
they existed today, might be a formidable challenge to man's
dominion of the planet. But 'what if' such a race did not become
extinct for reasons we still have yet to answer, but instead
'disappeared' from the 'face' of the earth to 'somewhere else'.
It's a scary thought, to say the least. According to 'POPULAR
"The oldest known dinosaur, HERRERASAURUS... (was) a
flyweight when compared with some of its ponderous descendants.
HERRERASAURUS weighed perhaps 300 pounds and stretched a mere six
to eight feet long. It had enormous claws and small forelimbs,
showing that it spent much time ambling on two legs. It also has
a peculiar, double-hinged jaw...that allowed it to clamp down on
wriggling prey. And its teeth were finely serrated. These
characteristics...clearly mark HERRERASAURUS as an active flesh
"The site of the fossil find (of remains of the saurian -
Branton), the Ischigualasto Formation in northwestern Argentina,
is the only area in the world where there are no gaps in the
fossil record across the time zone being investigated."
In reference to the discoveries made by researcher Paul
Serano, a paleontologist at the University of Chicago, who with
colleague Alfredo Monetta discovered some remains of the bi-ped
sauroid lizard near San Juan, Argentina, the article states:
"Serano says that the very first dinosaur should have lived
at the time of the rock layer containing HERRERASAURUS, but that
climate and geological factors combined to keep any fossils from
bring preserved there.
"'We'll have to concentrate above and below that zone,' says
Serano, 'Fortunately, those layers are very good. It's likely
we'll be able to find more interesting fossils there.'
"The paleontologist won the $500,000 Packard Foundation
Award last October, which he says will enable him to continue on
the track of dinosaurs."
In 1948, the SATURDAY EVENING POST published an article titled
'THERE COULD BE DINOSAURS.' Three men, the Belgian Bernard
Heuvelmans, the Russian Boris Porchnev, and the American Ivan T.
Sanderson, the article stated, had been involved in developing a
strange science--cryptozoology--the search for animals whose
existence 'established zoology' does not wish to acknowledge. At
the time the article appeared it created something of a scandal.
Sanderson, a notable zoologist, in later years retracted non of
his assertions. The article states:
"...A well-known South African big-game hunter, delighting
in the name of Mr. F. Gobler, returned from a trip to Angola and
announced to the Capetown newspaper, the CAPE ARGUS, that there
was an animal of large dimensions, the description of which could
only fit a dinosaur, dwelling in Dilolo Swamps, and well known to
the natives as CHIPEKWE. He stated: 'Its weight would be about
four tons AND IT ATTACKS rhino, hippo and elephants. Hunters
have heard a CHIPEKWE--at night--DEVOURING A DEAD RHINO, CRUSHING
THE BONES AND TEARING OUT HUGE LUMPS OF MEAT. IT HAS THE HEAD
AND TAIL OF A LIZARD. A German scientist has photographed it. I
went to the swamp to search for it, but the natives told me it
was extremely rare, and I could not locate the monster.
Nevertheless I am convinced the CHIPEKWE does exist. Here is the
This article produced a terrific outburst in the editorial
and correspondence columns of the paper, both scientific and
sporting, and all with much logical knowledge, agreed that it
might exist. The fact that the descendants of the dinosaurs
exist is not disputed, since alligators and crocodiles are known
to be in this category. The question is, did the 'larger'
reptiles survive or did they die-off when the enormous food
supplies which they required disappeared? What about the smaller
reptiles, those bi-pedal predators about human size or slightly
larger which walked on two legs? Did they die out with their
more massive counterparts for lack of 'food' as well? In 1920 a
certain 'Monsieur Lepage' brought out of the Congo an account of
an alleged creature which is believed to exist there. Unlike the
reptilian beast which tribesman swore roamed the swamps of
Angola, the Congo reptile described by Lepage seemed to be a
plant-eater, through deadly nevertheless.
Lepage returned from his hunting trip and announced that he
had come upon an extraordinary animal of great size in a swamp.
It had CHARGED him, making a snorting noise, and he had fired
wildly but, seeing that the monster did not halt, he beat a hasty
retreat. When the beast abandoned the chase Lepage turned and
examined it through a pair of binoculars for a considerable
period of time. He stated that the creature was eight meters, or
about twenty-six feet, long, had a long pointed snout, a short
horn above the nostrils and a scaly hump on its shoulders. The
forefeet appeared to be solid, like those of a horse, but the
hindfeet were separated into digits.
Aside from this, a leader of a German expedition to the
Cameroons in 1930 made a very interesting report which has never
been published in full, although it has been quoted by several
writers. In widely separated areas, the expedition leader
collected descriptions of an alleged beast or beasts which went
by the name MOKELE-MBEMBE, from experienced native guides who
could not possibly have known each other.
His description is as follows: "The animal is said to be of
a brownish-gray color with a smooth skin, its size approximating
that of an elephant; at least that of a hippopotamus. It is said
to have a long and very flexible neck and only one tooth but a
very long one; SOME SAY IT IS A HORN. A few spoke about a long
muscular tail like that of an alligator.
"Canoes coming near it are said to be doomed; the animal is
said to attack the vessels at once and to kill the crews, but
without eating the bodies. The creature is said to live IN CAVES
that have been washed out by the river in the clay of its shores
at sharp bends. It is said to climb the shore even in daytime in
search of food; its diet is said to be entirely vegetable. This
feature disagrees with a possible explanation as a myth.
preferred plant was shown to me; it is a kind of liana with white
blossoms, with a milky sap and applelike fruits. At the Ssombo
River I was shown a path said to have been made by the animal in
order to get at its food. The path was fresh and there were
plants of the described type near by. But since there were too
many tracks of elephants, hippos, and other large mammals, it was
impossible to make out a particular spoor with any amount of
The now famous report of the late King Lewanika, of the
Barotse tribe, seems to confirm the above description. This
king, who took great interest in the fauna of his country,
constantly heard of a large reptile that lived in the large
swampy regions. He passed this information on to white men, but
since few if any of them believed it, he gave strict orders that
the next time any of his people saw the creature they were to
immediately tell him.
After some time three men did report a
sighting, stating that they had come across the beast at the edge
of a marsh, that it had a long neck and a small, snakelike head
and that it had retreated into the swamp on its belly. King
Lewanika immediately visited the spot and states in his official
minutes that it hed left a track in the reeds 'as large as a
full-sized wagon would make were its wheels removed.'
Other evidence comes from widely diversified sources. For
instance an experienced white hunter named Stephens, who was also
in charge of a long section of the telegraph line which runs
along the banks of the Upper Nile, has given a great deal of
information about a large, swamp-dwelling reptile known to
several tribes as the LAU.
The natives described the beast to
Stephens in great detail and more than one of them affirmed that
they had been present at the killing of a LAU. They variously
described it as being between forty and a hundred feet long, but
concurred in stating that the body was as big as a donkey, that
it was dark yellow in color and that it had a vicious, snake-like
head, with large tentacles or wiry hairs with which it reached
out to seize its prey. Later a Belgian administrator from the
Congo asserted that he had seen a LAU several times in a swamp
and had shot at it. These reports seem to come from all over
Africa, and not be limited to a single area. There are vast
areas of Africa which, no doubt, have never seen the foot of man.
One of the most convincing of the native accounts, however,
emerged from Northern Rhodesia. The report seemed to describe a
creature which was more akin to the CHIPEKWE, the flesh eating
saurian which has been reported elsewhere. An Englishman who
spent eighteen years on Lake Bengweulu in that country has given
an account of the slaying of one of the beasts, as it was
described by a local chief, who heard the account from his
Apparently the tribesmen had killed the creature
with the hippo spears. It had a smooth, hairless, dark body and
the head was adorned with a single ivory horn. The story was
firmly rooted in the local tradition, and the Englishman in
question believed in the existence of the creature, for he
reports that a retired local administrator had heard some very
large animal splashing in a lake at nighttime and had the next
morning examined large unknown spoors or tracks on the bank.
Some years ago during the excavation of the Ishtar Gate in
ancient Babylon by the German professor Robert Koldewey, the
scientist and his associates brought to light a number of
startlingly realistic bas-reliefs of a dragonlike creature with
curiously mixed features.
It had a body covered with scales, a
long tail and neck, the hind feet of a 'bird' although many of
the early saurians are known to have had three-pronged feet like
'birds', the forefeet of a 'lion' and a strange reptilian head
sporting a single straight, upright horn like that of a
rhinoceros, wrinkles under its neck, a crest like a modern iguana
lizard, and a very pronounced, serpentine tongue. Could the real
or imaginary existence of such a creature have given rise to
legends of 'horned dragons'? At first this creature was classed
along with the winged, human-headed bulls and other grotesque
monsters from Babylonian mythology, but continued research
gradually forced professor Koldewey to quite a different
The creature had the name of the SIRRUSH and the priests
were said to have held it in a dark cavern in the temple. It was
depicted on the walls of the Ishtar Gate in great numbers and in
association with a large, ox-like animal which is now known to
have been the extinct aurochs and very definitely a real animal.
When analyzed, except for some considerable Babylonian
artistic license, the strangely 'mixtured' characteristics of the
SIRRUSH appeared to be much less incredible than had at first
been supposed, and in spite of his solid Teutonic background,
Professor Koldewey became more and more convinced that it was not
a representation of a mythical creature but an attempt to depict
a real animal, a beast which had actually been kept alive in
Babylon in very early days by the priests.
As one researcher put it, paraphrasing the Professors own
findings, "...After much searching in the depths of his cautious
scientific soul, he even made so bold as to state in print that
this animal was one of the plant-eating, bird-footed dinosaurs,
many types of which had by that time been reconstructed from
fossil remains. He further pointed out that such remains were
not to be found anywhere in or near Mesopotamia and that the
sirrush could not be a Babylonian attempt to reconstruct the
animal from fossils. Its characters as shown in Babylonian art
from the earliest times had not changed, and displayed great
detail in scales, horns, wrinkles, the crest and the serpentine
tongue, which, taken together could not all have been just
thought up after viewing a fossilized skeleton."
Archive date: 07-30-01
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